If you master these basic methods, you’ll become a successful angler.
Beam trawl:In this type of trawl the mouth or opening of the net is kept open by a beam which is mounted at each end on guides or skids which travel along the seabed. The trawls are adapted and made more effective by attaching tickler chains (for sand or mud) or heavy chain matting (for rough, rocky ground) depending on the type of ground being fished. These drag along the seabed in front of the net, disturbing the fish in the path of the trawl, causing them to rise from the seabed into the oncoming net. Electrified ticklers, which are less damaging to the seabed, have been developed but used only experimentally. Work is also being carried out to investigate whether square mesh panels (see below) fitted in the ‘belly’ or lower panel of the net can reduce the impact of beam trawling on communities living on or in the seabed.
Still-fishing:The simplest of costa rica fishing methods can also be the most effective. As its name implies, still-fishing is a matter of putting your bait in the water and waiting for a fish to find it. This method will catch most kinds of fish and can be used from a boat, a dock, a jetty or from shore. Depending on water depth and what you’re trying to catch, you may want to still-fish near the surface, at a mid-water depth, or right down on the bottom. Using a float, or bobber, makes it easy to fish near the surface, or you can add sinkers to your line to fish deeper.
Demersal otter trawl:The demersal or bottom trawl is a large, usually cone-shaped net, which is towed across the seabed. The forward part of the net, the wings is kept open laterally by otter boards or doors. Fish are herded between the boards and along the spreader wires or sweeps, into the mouth of the trawl where they swim until exhausted. They then drift back through the funnel of the net, along the extension or lengthening piece and into the cod-end, where they are retained.
Casting:The term casting actually has two meanings in fishing. It describes the act of using a rod, reel and line to carry your bait or lure out into the water. It also is a specific fishing method, as opposed to still-fishing and other methods we will describe here.
There are times when a moving lure works best, especially for some fish species. At other times you may want to place a lure in a particular spot, such as right next to a submerged stump 30 feet from shore or under a tree that’s leaning out over the water. These situations are when casting is the fishing method that offers the best chance of catching fish. It’s the kind of sports fishing where you cast and retrieve, usually with an artificial lure, to fish waters where fish might be lurking and to coax them into striking. Spinners, wobbling spoons, plugs and spinnerbaits are lures commonly used for casting.
Trolling:Many of the lures used in casting also work for trolling, because it’s another fishing method that requires movement to be effective. Trolling is simply dragging a lure, bait or a bait-and-lure combination through the water, using a boat rather than casting and retrieving to provide movement.
Jigging:Some artificial lures function best if they’re worked through the water in an up-and-down motion, commonly referred to as jigging. Lifting and dropping the rod tip is what provides the jigging motion. Leadheads are the most common kind of jig, but for some fish species, especially saltwater salmon and bottomfish, the jigging lure might be a long, thin, slab of lead or other metal in the shape of a herring or other baitfish.
Fly Fishing:Artificial flies are nothing more than fur, feathers, thread, tinsel and other materials tied around a hook to resemble an insect, a grub, a minnow or some other small morsel that a fish might eat. Because they are often very small and always very light, they can’t be cast like a heavy lure. For that reason, they are usually fished with special lines, rods and reels designed just for this kind of fishing.
Dive-caught:Free diving, using mask and snorkel or scuba diving is a traditional method of collecting lobster, abalone, seaweed, sponges and reef dwelling fish, groupers and snappers. In deeper waters helmet diving systems using air pumped from the surface are used.
Gill Nets :
Are walls of netting which may be set at or below the surface, on the seabed, or at any depth inbetween. Gill netting is probably the oldest form of net fishing, having been in use for thousands of years. True gill nets catch fish that attempt to swim through the net, which are caught if they are of a size large enough to allow the head to pass through the meshes but not the rest of the body. The fish then becomes entangled by the gills as it attempts to back out of the net. The mesh size used depends upon the species and size range being targeted.